A problematic pattern of tobacco use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress,
as manifested by at least two of the following, occurring within a 12-month period:
1. Tobacco is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
2. There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control tobacco use.
3. A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain or use tobacco.
4. Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use tobacco.
5. Recurrent tobacco use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work,
school, or home (e.g., interference with work).
6. Continued tobacco use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal
problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of tobacco (e.g., arguments
with others about tobacco use).
7. Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because
of tobacco use.
8. Recurrent tobacco use in situations in which it is physically hazardous (e.g., smoking
9. Tobacco use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent
physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated
10. Tolerance, as defined by either of the following:
a. A need for markedly increased amounts of tobacco to achieve the desired effect.
b. A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of tobacco.
11. Withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:
a. The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for tobacco (refer to Criteria A and B of
the criteria set for tobacco withdrawal).
b. Tobacco (or a closely related substance, such as nicotine) is taken to relieve or
avoid withdrawal symptoms.